The Reform of the United Nations

As adopted by the Federal Committee in Athens, Greece 2013

JEF-Europe is

recalling that the European Union is by definition called upon to remain a driving and unchangeable force in the process of UN reform and that the 2003 European Security Strategy stresses the pivotal role of the UN, as well as the EU’s attachment to ‘effective multilateralism’,

emphasizing that the European Union has aimed at achieving a secure Europe in a better world in the long term, in cooperation with global stakeholders stressing the importance of identifying the threats facing the world presently, and of defining strategic objectives and goals in order to enable lasting and effective solutions not just on international and regional conflicts but also the new set of problems related to sustainability and governance of resources worldwide,

noting that the EU has been a successful leader in creating the Peace-Building Commission, the Human Rights Council and the promotion of a future United Nations Environmental Organization,

considering that, as the EU delivers common statements on an ever-increasing number of issues in most UN bodies and has become a highly recognisable actor for third states, it has the opportunity to act as a true bridge-builder in UN management reform,

recalling the JEF Europe resolution of October 2012 on a Single Seat for the EU in the UN Security Council,

Reminding that the outcomes of the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development (UNCSD), also known as Rio 2012 were to shore up the UN Environment Programme and make it the “leading global environmental authority”.


JEF-Europe however,

regretfully acknowledging that the 2005 World Summit Outcome Document still falls short of reaching all the necessary agreements for a new structure of the UN failing to transform it into an organisation fit for the new demands of globalisation and a changing world order,

fearing that the UN, as the most prominent of all international organisations, not only faces a lack of transparency and control by the peoples of the world, but also needs general and deep reform in order to cope with problems ranging from poverty, infectious diseases, environmental damage, and civil violence to terrorism, weapons of mass destruction and nuclear proliferation, as highlighted by the 2004 Report of the High-Level Panel on Threats, Challenges and Change,

regretting that the progress in the work of the United Nations Environmental Program (UNEP) has failed to meet the international community’s expectations despite great commitments and results shown by some countries such as those within the European Union and moreover observing that the top five emitters of greenhouse gases do not implement the full range of the UNEP policies and goals.

 

JEF-Europe therefore,

calls for a streamlining of the UN system, possessing strong global implementation capabilities and endowed with the key global authority, resources and accountability structures to effectively carry out its mandate,

desires that the UN intensify its reform efforts, as a more inclusive participation in UN deliberations and decision-making is an indispensable part of the process of the democratisation of all its bodies,

urges the EU to take all necessary steps to adapt the UN from within to measure the commitment and results of its members and to keep leading by example with regards to the international cooperation on protecting biodiversity and the commitment to end unbridled consumption levels of natural and man-made resources on UN level,

proposes the establishment of a Parliamentary Assembly which will fulfil two vital functions: firstly, to be a democratic representation of the people that agrees on recommendations directed at the UN General Assembly to better guide its programs and strategies. Secondly, the Parliamentary Assembly would act to improve the application and structure of international lawmaking to better support multilateral cooperation and commitment to global challenges. With this dual mandate, the Parliamentary Assembly would help to restore credibility to the UN system and bodies, who have relied too often on 'soft' mechanisms that have failed to address systemic and critical dangers worldwide (be it sustainable use of resources, safeguarding and restoring biodiversity, health, democracy, conflict resolution...),

calls upon the EU and its member states to engage more actively in UN reform and gradually pave the way for a single EU seat in the UN Security Council,

asks for the creation of the United Nations Environmental Organization (UNEO) as a powerful institution in the system of Global Environmental Governance (GEG) that shall replace the current United Nations Environmental Program (UNEP) in dealing with the scope of global environmental issues.